UPSC Exam Pattern And Syllabus Details You Might Want to Check

UPSC Exam Pattern And Syllabus:

The Union Public Service Commission is the conducting authority of the Civil Service Examination that is held annually to recruit eligible candidates to the government administrative machinery. The UPSC as it popularly referred to is attempted by a large number of aspirants across the country. The UPSC exam pattern and syllabus comes in the systematic study and preparation of the exam.

UPSC Exam Pattern And Syllabus
UPSC Exam Pattern And Syllabus

The UPSC IAS exam comprises of 3 stages. These include the following:

  • Preliminary examination
  • Mains examination
  • Interview

UPSC Exam pattern:

Preliminary examination:

Exam pattern:

  • The exam is a pen and paper based offline examination.
  • The candidates will be provided with an OMR sheet to mark the answers.
  • The exam comprises of 2 papers which includes Paper 1 and 2.
  • Paper 1 consists of questions on general studies and the score secured is considered for the cut off.   
  • Paper 2 consists of questions on general studies and is qualifying in nature.
  • The duration of the exam is 2 hours each.
  • The exam consists of multiple choice objective questions.
  • The marking scheme is as follows:
  • Incorrect answer: -1/3rd marks will be deducted.
  • The candidate must secure a minimum of 33% marks in preliminary exams to pass the exam.
  • The medium of the exam is English/ Hindi.
Name of Paper No. of Questions Total Marks Duration Nature of Paper
Paper I: General Studies 100 200 2 hours Considered for cut off
Paper II: General Studies 80 200 2 hours Qualifying Nature

Exam syllabus:

  • Paper 1: General Awareness:
  • Recent events and happenings of National Importance
  • Impact of Geography in the country
  • Governance and Constitutional Structure
  • Current Issues faced by the country
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Research and Development
  • Scientific Developments
  • Paper 2: General English and Aptitude:
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Problem Solving Capacity
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Numerical Ability
  • Analytical Skills
  • Comprehension
  • Antonyms  / Synonyms

Mains Examination:

Exam pattern:

  • The main exam is a pen and paper based offline exam.
  • The exam consists of 9 papers.
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours/ 180 minutes each.
  • The weightage of the papers vary in the main exam.
  • Paper A and B are language papers which includes English and an optional language chosen by the candidate.
  • Paper A and B are qualifying in nature.
  • The papers consist of descriptive questions.
  • The medium of the main exam is English/ Hindi.
Paper Subject Total Marks Duration
Paper A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution) 300 3 hours
Paper B English 300 3 hours
Paper I Essay 250 3 hours
Paper II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250 3 hours
Paper III General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250 3 hours
Paper IV General Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250 3 hours
Paper V General Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250 3 hours
Paper VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 3 hours
Paper VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 3 hours
Total 1750

Main exam syllabus:

  • Paper 3 Essay writing on the topic given.
  • Paper 4 General Studies: Ancient India
  • History of India – Ancient and Modern
  • Significant changes in Architecture, Literature, etc.
  • Geographical Significance
  • Notable events in World History
  • Diversity
  • Globalization
  • Paper 5 General Studies: Indian Governance post-independence
  • Constitution of India
  • Constitutional Analysis of the world
  • Parliament and Legislatures
  • Key issues faced by the nation and solutions
  • Welfare Schemes by the Government
  • Department and Structures in Government
  • Paper 6 General Studies: Modern India
  • Indian Economy
  • Farming
  • Science
  • Research and Development
  • Information Technology
  • Environmental Studies
  • Achievements in various fields
  • Security Challenges
  • Industrial Growth
  • Infrastructural developments
  • Paper 7 General Studies: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
  • Ethics in Public Administration
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Behavioral Analysis
  • Functional Values
  • Paper 8 and 9 are optional subjects chosen by the candidate which include the following:
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Indian History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Regional language

For any further details regarding UPSC exam pattern and syllabus check the website at .

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