Polity Syllabus For UPSC:
Indian Polity forms a vital part of the UPSC syllabus for the Civil Service examination. The Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services examination annually for selection of eligible candidates to the administrative machinery of the country. Whether it’s the preliminary exam or the main exam polity forms an important part of the examination. The polity syllabus for UPSC will help candidates prepare well for the subject.
The UPSC Civil Services exam is conducted in 3 distinct phases. These include the following:
- Preliminary exam
- Main exam
- Interview/ personality test
The UPSC exam covers a wide range of topics and demands that the candidates appearing for the exam must know it all. Polity forms an integral part of the exam and usually there are several questions asked on polity.
Preliminary exam polity syllabus for UPSC:
|Preamble||Terms in the Preamble 42nd Amendment Swaran Singh committee|
|Constitution of India||Historical Background Drafting committee and making scheme of the Constitution Influence of other constitutions Its salient features Union and its Territory (Basic idea about Article 1-4, Federal nature, State reorganization and different Commissions, Recent issues)|
|Citizenship||Basic idea about Article 5-11 PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharathiya Divas Citizenship Amendment Act 2016 Schemes, new policies, and recent changes in voting.|
|Fundamental Rights||Basic idea about Article 12-35 44th amendment act Different types of Writs Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s Recent issues related to FR|
|Fundamental Duties||Article 51A Difference between FR and FD Significance and Criticism Enforcement of FD’s Recent issues about FD|
|Directive Principles of State Policy||Basic idea about Article 36-51 and Article 368 Sources and key features of DPSP Classification of DPSP Comparison or conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles Keshavananda Bharathi, Golaknath Case, Minerva Mills, Maneka Gandhi case. Significant Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment|
|Union||Article 52-73 Qualification and Election of President and Vice President Function and Powers of president- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers) Prime minister and council of ministers Resignation and impeachment of the President Role and responsibilities of Prime minister, Cabinet ministers and Council of Ministers. Resignation and Removal of Vice President Powers and Functions of Council of ministers Attorney general|
|Parliament||Basic idea about Articles related to Role and functions of the Parliament Motions, Sessions, Parliamentary procedure – Zero Hour, Summoning, Prorogation, and Joint sitting. Parliamentary proceedings like Adjournment Motion, and Question Hour etc. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Special powers of Rajya Sabha Anti-defection law and the 10th schedule Parliamentary Privileges Bill and law making procedure Budget, funds and its summary Parliamentary Committees|
|Judiciary||Judiciary. Powers of High Court and Supreme court Qualification and appointment Removal procedure Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.|
|State Government- State Executive||Governor – His appointment, and special powers. Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary powers of the governor 7th constitutional amendment Chief minister and the council of ministers Power of the Chief minister|
|State Legislature||State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to powers, composition, and functions. Bicameral legislature Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils|
|Administration of Special Areas||5th and 6th Schedules Recent problems related to Administration of Special Areas Special provision for states Article 371|
|Emergency Provisions||National emergency- Article 352 President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356 Financial emergency- Article 360 44th amendment act Effects and implications of emergency Role of President in the time of emergency The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha Revoking emergency|
|Panchayati raj and municipalities||Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats 3 tier structure 73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act Relation with FR and DPSP Schemes introduced Metropolitan planning committee and urban development Reservation|
|Constitutional Bodies||Election Commission UPSC SPSC JPSC Finance Commission National Commission for SC’s and ST’s Composition, Powers and functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies|
|Current Affairs||Recent issues related to the various categories Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government. Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions|
Main exam polity syllabus for UPSC:
- The main exam consists of general studies papers which also include the same syllabus as prelims.
- The optional subject includes an in depth study of the subject of polity.
For further details regarding Polity syllabus for UPSC check the website at www.upsc.gov.in .