The method of growing plants without soil by using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent is known as hydroponics. In this method, terrestrial plants may be grown with only their roots exposed to the mineral solution, or the roots may be supported by an inert medium, such as perlite or gravel. You can make your own DIY hydroponics at home.
Hydroponics system uses an oxygenated and nutrient-rich solution. This makes the uptake process of nutrients by plants more efficient and effective as compared to the conventional way using soil. Here is how you can set up your own home made hydroponics:
- A leak-proof pan, such as a kitty litter pan
- Small pots
- A medium, such as gravel or cotton batting (if using batting, you may want an organic brand, since cotton is a heavily sprayed crop)
- Another tray to move the pots to while you drain the pan
- Take your pots and line them up inside the pan. If they do not have holes in them, take a nail and poke a few holes in the bottom and sides. Fill pots with gravel or batting.
- Pour water into the pan to the top of the pots. Allow to soak into the pots. Tip the pan so the excess water drains into a bucket.
- Place a single seed into each pot. Let sit for about 15 minutes or until the seeds are thoroughly soaked.
- Take the pots out and drain the pan into the bucket. Place the pots back into the pan and repeat the process several times a day if possible.
The DIY hydroponics is easy to make as you can see and yields absolutely organic products. You can use compost tea or diluted fish emulsion or just manure for the nutrition of the plants. The DIY hydroponics makes growing your own vegetables and fruits at your home a reality.